ecofx : Beef


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____ environmental impact of beef ____

(compared to chicken/fish/eggs, dairy, and fruits/ vegetables)

Estimated carbon footprint, loss of natural habitat potential for one year, loss of plant and animal life potential for one year in natural habitat and/or extinction potential from making, packaging, shipping and/or using these products or services.
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+ Except for CO2 emissions, estimates are based on Habitat, Life, Extinction Formulas v2 by the XOEarth Team. +
Estimates do not include the possible long-term ecological effects of climate change and persistent toxins.
Formulas use “human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)” to “CO2 emissions” correlation.
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1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds)     1 m^2(square meter) = 10.8 ft^2(square feet)
1 km(kilometers) = .62 mi(miles)     1 liter = .26 gallons

Beef – 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds)


CO2 from Richard Heede climatemitigation .com/ publications/ DailyCarbon CalcsDec08 .pdf. [[#ref1]] 1% of the CO2 from shipping to retailer.
Some of the materials used to raise 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of beef.


fertilizer, grain, pesticides, antibiotics, gasoline
CO2 released to raise 1 kilogram (2.2 pound) of beef.


22.1 kg
48.6 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to raise 1 kilogram (2.2 pound) of beef.


17 m^2
183 ft^2
Loss of native plant and animal life potential to raise 1 kilogram (2.2 pound) of beef.


53 kg
116 lb
How many kilogram of beef it takes to trigger 1 potential species extinction.


8.8 million
Chicken/ Fish/ Eggs – 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds)


CO2 from Richard Heede climatemitigation .com/ publications/ DailyCarbon CalcsDec08 .pdf. [[#ref1]] 3%-7% is CO2 from shipping to retailer.
Some of the materials used to raise 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of chicken/ fish/ eggs.


fertilizer, grain, pesticides, gasoline, diesel fuel.
CO2 released to raise 1 kilogram (2.2 pound) of chicken/ fish/ eggs.


5.96 kg
13 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to raise 1 kilograms (2.2 pound) of chicken/ fish/ eggs.


4.6 m^2
49 ft^2
Loss of native plant and animal life potential to raise 1 kilograms (2.2 pound) of chicken/ fish/ eggs.


14.3 kg
31.4 lb
How many kilograms of chicken/ fish/ eggs it takes to trigger 1 potential species extinction.


32.7 million
Dairy products – 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds)


CO2 from Richard Heede climatemitigation .com/ publications/ DailyCarbon CalcsDec08 .pdf. Includes shipping to retailer. [[#ref1]] 3%-7% is CO2 from shipping to retailer.
Some of the materials used to make 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of dairy.


fertilizer, grain, water, pesticides, antibiotics, gasoline, diesel fuel.
CO2 released to make 1 kilogram (2.2 pound) of dairy products.


4.13 kg
9.1 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make 1 kilograms (2.2 pound) of dairy products.


3.2 m^2
34 ft^2
Loss of native plant and animal life potential to make 1 kilograms (2.2 pound) of dairy products.


9.9 kg
22 lb
How many kilograms of dairy products it takes to trigger 1 potential species extinction.


47 million
Fruits/ Vegetables – 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds)


CO2 from Richard Heede climatemitigation .com/ publications/ DailyCarbon CalcsDec08 .pdf. [[#ref1]] 6%-11% is CO2 from shipping to retailer.
Some of the materials used to grow 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of fruits/ vegetables.


water, pesticides, fertilizer, gasoline, diesel fuel.
CO2 released to grow 1 kilogram (2.2 pound) of fruits/ vegetables.


1.59 kg
3.5 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to grow 1 kilograms (2.2 pound) of fruits/ vegetables.


1.2 m^2
13 ft^2
Loss of native plant and animal life potential to grow 1 kilograms (2.2 pound) of fruits/ vegetables.


3.8 kg
8.4 lb
How many kilograms of fruits/ vegetables it takes to trigger 1 potential species extinction.


123 million

==Summary==
The production of 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of beef results in about 22.1 kilograms (49 pounds) of CO2 emissions – including production of grains and feed, methane released from the cow’s digestion adjusted as a CO2 equivalent, materials, production and shipping.[[#ref2]] pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/es702969f

The loss of natural habitat potential for one year from 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of beef is estimated to be 17 square meters (183 square feet).

==Notes==
“… a totally “localized” diet reduces GHG [green house gas] emissions per household equivalent to 1000 miles/yr (1600 km/yr) driven, while shifting just one day per week’s calories from red meat and dairy to chicken/fish/eggs or a vegetable-based diet reduces GHG emissions equivalent to 760 miles/yr (1230 km/yr) or 1160 miles/yr (1860 km/yr), respectively. Shifting totally away from red meat and dairy toward chicken/fish/eggs or a vegetable-based diet reduces GHG emissions equivalent to 5340 mi/yr (8590 km/yr) or 8100 mi/yr (13000 km/yr), respectively. [[#ref1]]

==References==
1. Richard Heede climatemitigation .com/ publications/ DailyCarbon CalcsDec08 .pdf

2. American Chemical Society

3. Scientific American February, 2009 14.8 pounds of CO2 pound for pound [of beef]

4. Anderson, Kathryn (2007) Food, a paper for “Toward an Ethical CO2 Emissions Trajectory for Princeton”, p. 14: conventional beef averages 13.04 lb CO2e per lb ground beef.

==External links==
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beef

[[category:Food]] [[category:Products]]

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