Estimated carbon footprint, loss of natural habitat potential for one year, loss of plant and animal life potential for one year, and extinction potential, from making, packaging, shipping and/or using these products or services.
+ Except for CO2 emissions, estimates are based on Habitat, Life, Extinction Formulas v2 by the XOEarth Team. +
Estimates do not include the possible long-term ecological effects of climate change and persistent toxins.
Formulas use “human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)” to “CO2 emissions” correlation.
1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds) 1 m^2(square meter) = 10.8 ft^2(square feet)
1 km(kilometers) = .62 mi(miles) 1 liter = .26 gallons
|Magazine – a medium sized .4 pound reading magazine|
full life cycle analysis includes trees used, materials, production, shipping and consumer use
CO2 from discovermagazine.com/2008/may/ 21-how-big-is-discovers-carbon-footprint [[#ref1]]
|Some of the materials used to make this product.|
trees, water, ink, plastic, multiple fuels
? kg ? lb
|CO2 released to make, ship and use this product.|
|Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make, ship and use this product.|
|Loss of native plant and animal life potential for one year to make, ship and use this product.|
|How many of this product it would take (if made) to trigger 1 potential species extinction.|
A life cycle study shows that the CO2 emissions caused by the production and distribution of one copy of an average sized .39 pound magazine in the USA total is about .95 kilograms (2.1 pounds) — including paper from trees, materials, production, shipping and customer use.[[#ref1]] The loss of natural habitat potential for one year from the .39 pound magazine is estimated to be .73 square meters (7.9 square feet).
Plus: 60-70% of the magazines on newsstands in the USA don’t actually get read by anyone, according to a white paper produced by the Independent Press Association. www.coopamerica.org/
Globally, paper production and disposal releases three times as much climate change emissions as aviation. Irresponsible production causes negative impacts on biodiversity and communities as well as human rights abuses in many pulp and paper producing regions. www.environmentalpaper.eu/
Every four months, an area the size of Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado is leveled in order to produce the 100 million trees worth of junk mail in the United States. Production and disposal of junk mail consumes more energy than 2.8 million cars and costs citizens and local governments hundreds of millions of dollars per year in collection and disposal fees. emagazine.com